Turkey and Russia have agreed a ceasefire from midnight community time in Syria’s north-western Idlib province in a bid to avoid a big escalation.
In Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan also agreed to create a security corridor and joint patrols.
Final thirty day period, 36 Turkish soldiers had been killed in Idlib for the duration of a Russian-backed Syrian authorities offensive.
Turkey, which backs opposition rebels, responded by attacking Syrian troops.
The incident sparked fears of a immediate army conflict among Turkey and Russia.
What about the ceasefire deal?
The settlement was declared just after about 6 hours of talks involving Mr Putin and Mr Erdogan in the Russian money.
The two sides reported the offer provided:
- A ceasefire from 00:01 regional time on Friday (22:01 GMT Thursday) on the full line of contact
- A stability corridor 6km (4 miles) north and 6km south from Idlib’s important M4 motorway, which connects the government-held cities of Aleppo and Latakia
- Joint Russian-Turkish patrols alongside the M4 from 15 March
Despite the agreed ceasefire, Turkey “reserves the appropriate to retaliate with all its energy from any assault” by forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Mr Erdogan warned.
Meanwhile, President Putin reported he hoped the deal “will provide as a good foundation for ending the battling in the Idlib de-escalation zone, will stop the suffering of the civilian populace”.
The BBC’s diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus says basic concerns keep on being, like how lengthy the truce will past, irrespective of whether Syrian governing administration forces or Turkish troops will pull back again to selected zones, and what will be the fate of the massive range of refugees.
In brief, our correspondent suggests it is unclear regardless of whether the Assad regime and its Russian backers have given up on the thought of seizing back again all of Idlib, and no matter whether this a lasting coverage change or just a short-term expedient to minimize the present-day tensions with Ankara.
In 2018, Russia and Turkey agreed a ceasefire and de-escalation zones in Idlib – but that offer has generally been violated.
Idlib is the previous rebel-held province in Syria.
Russia and Turkey have diametrically opposed goals in Syria. A confrontation was sure to occur. It will remain a developed-in risk if their methods continue to be the similar.
Russia intervened when the Assad routine was preventing for survival and has presented the firepower to make doable the recapture of most of rebel-held Syria.
For President Putin, the Syrian war has been a vital part of re-establishing Russia as a electricity in the Middle East and past.
Turkey has been the most reliable backer of militias combating the Assad routine.
President Erdogan sees Idlib province as a genuine stability desire and desires Turkey to be the strongest regional electricity.
Presidents Putin and Erdogan have proved that they can chat.
With Iran, they backed an tried peace system in Syria. Russia marketed Turkey a sophisticated air defence process. A ceasefire a lot more or a lot less held in Idlib right up until Syria, Russia and their allies went back again on to the offensive all through the winter.
But fighting shut to the Turkish border, influencing pursuits that the two sides think about essential, has resulted in a important member of Nato squaring up to Russia. That is a risky improvement.