Wednesday, 23 September, 2020

Afghan conflict: Trump hails deal with Taliban to end 18-year war



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Media captionTrump: “It is really been a tough journey for all people”

President Trump states it is “time to carry our people today again property” soon after the US signed a offer with the Taliban aimed at bringing peace to Afghanistan.

Mr Trump said 5,000 US troops would go away Afghanistan by May and he would meet Taliban leaders in the near upcoming, with no specifying the place.

The US and Nato allies have agreed to withdraw all troops inside 14 months if the militants uphold the historic deal.

Talks amongst the Afghan governing administration and the Taliban are because of to observe.

Less than the arrangement, the militants also agreed not to permit al-Qaeda or any other extremist group to run in the areas they command.

  • The lengthy highway to peace
  • The Afghan war: The small and extended tale

The US invaded Afghanistan months soon after the September 2001 assaults in New York by al-Qaeda, then based in Afghanistan. The Taliban have been ousted from ability but became an insurgent drive that by 2018 was lively in extra than two-thirds of the country.

A lot more than 2,400 US troops have been killed all through the conflict. About 12,000 are nevertheless stationed in the state.

What else did Trump say about the offer?

Speaking at the White Residence, Mr Trump congratulated Secretary of Condition Mike Pompeo, Protection Secretary Mark Esper and “the individuals of the United States for having used so much in terms of blood, in conditions of treasure, and treasury.”

He claimed the Taliban had been attempting to access an arrangement with the US for a prolonged time, and that he experienced religion in the offer simply because “every person is fatigued of war.”

  • What could peace search like?
  • Who are the Taliban?

The president extra that US troops had been killing terrorists in Afghanistan “by the 1000’s” and now it was “time for a person else to do that operate and it will be the Taliban and it could be bordering international locations”.

“I truly feel the Taliban needs to do anything to display we’re not all losing time,” he added. “If negative factors happen, we’ll go back with a pressure like no-one’s ever viewed.”

What occurred in Doha?

The deal was signed by US exclusive envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political main Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar with Mr Pompeo as a witness.

In a speech, Mr Pompeo urged the militant group to “maintain your claims to slash ties with al-Qaeda”.

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Media captionThe United States and the Taliban mark the signing of their settlement in Doha.

Mr Baradar mentioned he hoped Afghanistan could now emerge from 4 a long time of conflict.

“I hope that with the withdrawal of all international forces from Afghanistan the Afghan nation beneath an Islamic regime will just take its reduction and embark on a new prosperous lifestyle,” he explained.

Afghanistan’s governing administration did not acquire part in the US-Taliban talks, but reported it was ready to negotiate with the Taliban.

What is in the settlement?

In addition to withdrawing US and allied troops, the offer also delivers for a prisoner swap.

Some 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan safety power prisoners would be exchanged by 10 March, when talks concerning the Taliban and the Afghan governing administration are because of to start out.

The US will also lift sanctions from the Taliban and operate with the UN to lift its separate sanctions in opposition to the team.

In Kabul, activist Zahra Husseini reported she feared the offer could worsen the scenario for females in Afghanistan.

“I will not believe in the Taliban, and remember how they suppressed women of all ages when they had been ruling,” the 28-yr-outdated advised AFP.

“Right now is a dark day, and as I was viewing the deal currently being signed, I experienced this bad feeling that it would outcome in their return to power fairly than in peace.”

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Media captionZan Television set presenter Ogai Wardak: “If the Taliban occur, I will fight them”

A cautious peace for Afghanistan

By Secunder Kermani, BBC Information, Kabul

US, Afghan and Taliban officials have all been thorough to steer clear of calling present day settlement in Doha “a peace deal.” But in Afghanistan, a perception of careful optimism has been mounting.

The Afghan war has been a bloody stalemate for a long time now, with the Taliban progressively managing or contesting much more territory, nonetheless unable to seize and keep significant city centres.

With this has appear a growing realisation – by both of those the Taliban and the US – that neither facet is able of an outright navy victory.

This deal now opens the door to huge-ranging talks amongst the militants and Afghan political leaders.

But these discussions will be significantly more tough – in some way there will have to be a reconciliation between the Taliban’s eyesight of an “Islamic Emirate” and the democratic modern day Afghanistan that has been created considering the fact that 2001.

The priority for quite a few regular Afghans, at least in the limited expression, is a substantive reduction in violence. We will uncover out in the coming weeks, when the warmer spring weather generally heralds the start of “preventing year”, if that will materialize.

What response has there been?

  • UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres stressed “the worth of sustaining the nationwide reduction in violence, for the profit of all Afghans”
  • Nato Secretary-Normal Jens Stoltenberg: “We went in collectively in 2001, we are going to adjust [troop levels] with each other and when the time is suitable, we are going to depart with each other, but we are only going to leave when ailments are appropriate”
  • British isles Defence Secretary Ben Wallace: “I welcome this small but essential phase to the probability for Afghans to live in peace, free of charge from terrorism… We stay completely committed to constructing an Afghanistan that is a strong companion for decades to appear”
  • Donald Trump’s previous Nationwide Security Adviser, John Bolton, has criticised the offer, and said it endangered American lives by “legitimising” the Taliban

How did US-Taliban talks appear about?

Since 2011, Qatar has hosted Taliban leaders who have moved there to go over peace in Afghanistan. It has been a chequered system. A Taliban place of work was opened in 2013, and shut the same yr amid rows about flags. Other attempts at talks stalled.

In December 2018, the militants announced they would meet up with US officers to test to uncover a “roadmap to peace”. But the tricky-line Islamist team ongoing to refuse to maintain official talks with the Afghan govt, whom they dismissed as American “puppets”.

Subsequent 9 rounds of US-Taliban talks in Qatar, the two sides seemed shut to an arrangement.

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Media captionThe perspective from Lashkar Gah province on irrespective of whether peace with the Taliban is doable

Washington’s prime negotiator declared last September that the US would withdraw 5,400 troops from Afghanistan in just 20 months as part of a offer agreed “in theory” with Taliban militants.

Times afterwards, Mr Trump reported the talks were being “lifeless”, immediately after the team killed a US soldier. But within just weeks the two sides resumed conversations powering the scenes.

A week back the Taliban agreed to a “reduction of violence” – though Afghan officials say at minimum 22 soldiers and 14 civilians have been killed in Taliban assaults more than that interval.

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Media captionTens of hundreds of Afghan troopers have been killed and hurt. This is their tale

Practically 3,500 users of the worldwide coalition forces have died in Afghanistan considering the fact that the 2001 invasion.

The figures for Afghan civilians, militants and federal government forces are a lot more hard to quantify. In a February 2019 report, the UN explained that far more than 32,000 civilians experienced died. The Watson Institute at Brown College states 58,000 safety staff and 42,000 opposition combatants have been killed.



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